Alternative Energy

Hydrogen Fuel News

The latest hydrogen fuel cell news from our hydrogen and fuel cell technology news sources.

May 08, 2021

Hydrogen Fuel Cells

Hydrogen instead of electrification? Potentials and risks for climate targets

May 6, 2021: Hydrogen-based fuels should primarily be used in sectors such as aviation or industrial processes that cannot be electrified, finds a team of researchers. Producing these fuels is too inefficient, costly and their availability too uncertain, to broadly replace fossil fuels for instance in cars or heating houses. For most sectors, directly using electricity for instance in battery electric cars or heat pumps makes more economic sense.

First nanoscale look at a reaction that limits the efficiency of generating hydrogen fuel

May 6, 2021: Transitioning to a hydrogen economy will require massive production of cheap, clean hydrogen gas for fuel and chemical feedstocks. New tools allow scientists to zoom in on a catalytic reaction that's been a bottleneck in efforts to generate hydrogen from water more efficiently.

Significant progress in lithium-air battery development

May 6, 2021: Researchers are making significant progress in the development of stable and practical electrolytes for lithium-oxygen batteries.

Stellantis Develops Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle

May 5, 2021: Stellantis is in the process of developing a hydrogen fuel cell vehicle. The company’s light commercial vehicle (LCV) range will offer a useful alternative to their battery-powered solutions on the market. They believe that this set of LCVs would offer an affordable solution without losing any natural power of having to worry about the environmental … The post Stellantis Develops Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle first appeared on Hydrogen Cars Now.

Stable, efficient, anode-free sodium battery

May 3, 2021: Scientists have developed a stable, anode-free sodium ion battery that is highly efficient, will be less expensive and is significantly smaller than a traditional lithium ion battery.

Carbon dioxide catalysis made more accessible

Apr 30, 2021: Many industrial processes emit carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Unfortunately, however, current electrochemical separation methods are expensive and consume large amounts of power. They also require expensive and rare metals as catalysts. A study now describes a new aerogel electrocatalyst formed from an inexpensive metal alloy, which enables highly efficient electrochemical conversion of carbon dioxide. The main product is formic acid, which is a nontoxic basic chemical.

A silver lining for extreme electronics

Apr 30, 2021: Researchers are building tougher circuits to help withstand the grueling demands of energy production, space exploration and more.

Value from sewage? New technology makes pig farming more environmentally friendly

Apr 27, 2021: A novel nitrate removal system can clean up the wastewater produced by swine farms.

Beyond space-age tech: Hybrid material moves next-generation transport fuel cells closer

Apr 21, 2021: Protons are the next big thing when it comes to fuel cell technology. The subatomic exchange produces power on a scale that challenges contemporary solid-state fuel cell technology, used to help power space shuttles. To realize the proton-based technology sooner, an international team of researchers have developed a hybrid material that effectively transports protons at high temperatures and humidity -- two major challenges in past attempts.

New catalyst for lower CO2 emissions

Apr 20, 2021: Perovskites have so far been used for solar cells, as anode materials or electronic components rather than for their catalytic properties. Now scientists have succeeded in producing a special perovskite that is excellently suited as a catalyst for converting CO2 into other useful substances, such as synthetic fuels. The new perovskite catalyst is very stable and also relatively cheap, so it would be suitable for industrial use.

Green hydrogen: 'Rust' as a photoanode and its limits

Apr 19, 2021: Researchers have now analyzed the optoelectronic properties of rust (haematite) and other metal oxides in unprecedented detail. Their results show that the maximum achievable efficiency of haematite electrodes is significantly lower than previously assumed. The study demonstrates ways to assess new photoelectrode materials more realistically.

Mapping performance variations to see how lithium-metal batteries fail

Apr 19, 2021: Scientists have identified the primary cause of failure in a state-of-the-art lithium-metal battery, of interest for long-range electric vehicles: electrolyte depletion.

3D-printed proton-conductive membrane paves way for tailored energy storage devices

Apr 15, 2021: The advent and increased availability of 3D printing is leading to more customizable parts at lower costs across a spectrum of applications, from wearable smart devices to autonomous vehicles. Now, a research team has 3D printed a proton exchange membrane, a critical component of batteries, electrochemical capacitors and fuel cells. The achievement also brings the possibility of custom solid-state energy devices closer to reality, according to the researchers.

Future Cars to Be Powered by Hydrogen Paste

Apr 7, 2021: Hydrogen paste may be an alternative hydrogen fuel for fuel cell vehicles to filling up with compressed hydrogen gas. Created by The Fraunhofer Institute, this particular substance has become noted as a ‘revolutionary’ development in the auto industry. How would hydrogen paste work in practice? The process would mean that instead of having to fill … The post Future Cars to Be Powered by Hydrogen Paste first appeared on Hydrogen Cars Now.

A new material enables the usage of 'calcium' for batteries

Apr 6, 2021: Scientists have developed a new fluorine-free calcium (Ca) electrolyte based on a hydrogen (monocarborane) cluster that could potentially realize rechargeable Ca batteries.

New batteries give jolt to renewables, energy storage

Apr 5, 2021: Researchers have been exploring the use of low-cost materials to create rechargeable batteries that will make energy storage more affordable. Now, they have shown that a new technique incorporating aluminum results in rechargeable batteries that offer up to 10,000 error-free cycles.

MEXUSACA: freight hydrail rising?

Mar 26, 2021: Canadian Pacific’s southern merger puts zero-carb freight in easy reach by guest blogger Stan Thompson Canadian Pacific Railway has throttled-up the transition to zero-carbon freight movement by two big notches recently. Last December, 2020, CPR announced “that it plans to develop North America’s first line-haul hydrogen-powered locomotive.”   Then in March, 2021, they announced a combination with … The post MEXUSACA: freight hydrail rising? first appeared on Hydrogen Cars Now.

Controlling bubble formation on electrodes

Mar 26, 2021: A new study finds the wettability of porous electrode surfaces is key to making efficient water-splitting or carbon-capturing systems.

Design could enable longer lasting, more powerful lithium batteries

Mar 25, 2021: MIT researchers have identified a novel electrolyte that could be useful for next-generation lithium-ion batteries, increasing their power per weight without sacrificing the cycle life.

How a lithium-metal electrode ages

Mar 22, 2021: Even when a device is turned off, its battery gradually loses its charge and eventually some of its capacity for storing energy. Scientists have now documented this aging process in next-gen lithium-metal electrodes.

Electrode interphase formation

Mar 22, 2021: Batteries charge and recharge -- apparently all thanks to a perfect interplay of electrode material and electrolyte. However, for ideal battery function, the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) plays a crucial role. Materials scientists have now studied nucleation and growth of this layer in atomic detail. The properties of anions and solvent molecules need to be well balanced.

New porous material promising for making renewable energy from water

Mar 22, 2021: One prospective source of renewable energy is hydrogen gas produced from water with the aid of sunlight. Researchers have developed a material, nanoporous cubic silicon carbide, that exhibits promising properties to capture solar energy and split water for hydrogen gas production.

Double-duty catalyst generates hydrogen fuel while cleaning up wastewater

Mar 17, 2021: Hydrogen is a pollution-free energy source when it's extracted from water using sunlight instead of fossil fuels. But current strategies for 'splitting' or breaking apart water molecules with catalysts and light require the introduction of chemical additives to expedite the process. Now, researchers have developed a catalyst that destroys medications and other compounds already present in wastewater to generate hydrogen fuel, getting rid of a contaminant while producing something useful.

Novel system sequesters CO2 and generates electricity

Mar 17, 2021: A recent study has unveiled a novel system, capable of producing hydrogen and electricity quickly and effectively while cutting carbon dioxide emissions significantly.

How to prevent short-circuiting in next-gen lithium batteries

Mar 16, 2021: A new approach could help solve the longstanding problem of dendrite formation, which has hampered the development of new solid-state lithium-ion batteries.

Commercial truck electrification is within reach

Mar 16, 2021: Researchers make the case for prioritizing public policy to help move long-haul trucking from diesel to electric. Doing so will mean huge gains in addressing the climate crisis and avoiding premature deaths due to local vehicular pollution, which disproportionately affects communities of color.

New research could boost a solar-powered fuel made by splitting water

Mar 11, 2021: New research demonstrates that modifying the topmost layer of atoms on the surface of electrodes can significantly boost their performance, a step toward fabricating materials for photoelectrodes that can use solar energy to split water.

The secret of catalysts that increase fuel cell efficiency

Mar 10, 2021: A research team reveals the phase transition and metal ex-solution phenomena to increase the catalytic activity.

In a leap for battery research, machine learning gets scientific smarts

Mar 8, 2021: Researchers combined machine learning with knowledge gained from experiments and equations guided by physics to discover and explain a process that shortens the lifetimes of fast-charging lithium-ion batteries.

Novel hydrogen fuel purification membrane paves the way for greener future

Mar 8, 2021: Hydrogen is a clean source of fuel, but its purification has been challenging until now. Now, a group of scientists has found a solution -- by characterizing a hybrid separation membrane for purifying hydrogen from other gases. In light of the current global warming crisis, the scientists are optimistic that their novel membrane will make the use of hydrogen fuel efficient and cost-effective.

Hyzon in $2.6 Billion Deal for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Trucks

Mar 6, 2021: One of the biggest names in hydrogen fuel cell truck production, Hyzon, have just entered into a SPAC deal that could be valued as high as $2.6bn. The partnership will see Hyzon Motors move into an agreement with Decarbonization Plus Acquisition Corp. in the next step forward in the use of hydrogen fuel cell trucks … The post Hyzon in $2.6 Billion Deal for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Trucks first appeared on Hydrogen Cars Now.

Speeding up commercialization of electric vehicles

Mar 5, 2021: Researchers have developed a high-capacity cathode material that can be stably charged and discharged for hundreds of cycles without using the expensive cobalt (Co) metal. The day is fast approaching when electric vehicles can drive long distances with Li- ion batteries.

A fluid solution to dendrite growth in lithium metal batteries

Mar 2, 2021: Lithium metal batteries have higher charge density than conventional lithium ion batteries but are prone to problems of tree-like metal dendrites, which can cause short circuits or explosions. A new article shows that flowing ions near the cathode can prevent this problem.

Dethroning electrocatalysts for hydrogen production with inexpensive alternative material

Mar 2, 2021: Scientists have discovered a new electrocatalyst for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in electrochemical water splitting: CaFe2O4. This inexpensive, non-toxic, and easy-to-synthesize material outperforms other bimetallic OER electrocatalysts and even surpasses the benchmark set by iridium oxide, paving the way to accessible hydrogen generation for upcoming hydrogen societies.

Weakness is strength for this low-temperature battery

Feb 25, 2021: Nanoengineers have discovered new fundamental insights for developing lithium metal batteries that perform well at ultra-low temperatures; mainly, that the weaker the electrolyte holds on to lithium ions, the better. By using such a weakly binding electrolyte, the researchers developed a lithium metal battery that can be repeatedly recharged at temperatures as low as -60 degrees Celsius.

New catalyst could enable better lithium-sulfur batteries, power next-gen electronics

Feb 22, 2021: Lithium-sulfur batteries, given their light weight and theoretical high capacities, are a promising alternative to conventional lithium-ion batteries for large-scale energy storage systems, drones, electric vehicles, etc. But at present, they suffer from poor battery life, limiting their applicability. Now, scientists have discovered a new catalyst material's ability to significantly improve lithium-sulfur battery life, opening doors to their near-future practical commercial realization.

New method converts methane in natural gas to methanol at room temperature

Feb 19, 2021: Researchers have discovered a way to convert the methane in natural gas into liquid methanol at room temperature.

Tuning electrode surfaces to optimize solar fuel production

Feb 18, 2021: Scientists discovered that changing the topmost layer of atoms on electrode surfaces can impact the activity of splitting water into oxygen and hydrogen -- a clean fuel.

Skies of blue: Recycling carbon emissions to useful chemicals and reducing global warming

Feb 17, 2021: Researchers optimize a novel process for the efficient conversion of carbon emissions into useful chemicals like acetate using microbes…

Battery: Getting the lead in

Feb 16, 2021: Researchers developed a low-cost, high-performance, sustainable lead-based anode for lithium-ion batteries that can power hybrid and all-electric vehicles. They also uncovered its previously unknown reaction mechanism during charge and discharge.

Switching to firm contracts may prevent natural gas fuel shortages at US power plants

Feb 16, 2021: New research now indicates that these fuel shortages are not due to failures of pipelines and that in certain areas of the country a change in how gas is purchased can significantly reduce generator outages.

'Defective' carbon simplifies hydrogen peroxide production

Feb 9, 2021: Scientists introduce a new catalyst to reduce oxygen to widely used hydrogen peroxide. The process sidesteps complex and expensive processes that generate toxic organic byproducts and large amounts of wastewater.

From trash to treasure: Silicon waste finds new use in Li-ion batteries

Feb 9, 2021: Researchers used Si swarf and ultrathin graphite sheets to fabricate Li-ion battery electrodes with high areal capacity and current density at a reduced cost. Increasing generation of Si swarf as industrial waste and potential use of the high-performance batteries in electronic vehicles will allow their work to contribute to reduced greenhouse gas emissions and the achievement of SDGs.

Silicon anode structure generates new potential for lithium-ion batteries

Feb 8, 2021: New research has identified a nanostructure that improves the anode in lithium-ion batteries. Instead of using graphite for the anode, the researchers turned to silicon: a material that stores more charge but is susceptible to fracturing. The team deposited silicon atoms on top of metallic nanoparticles to form an arched nanostructure, increasing the strength and structural integrity of the anode. Electrochemical tests showed the batteries had a higher charge capacity and longer lifespan.

2021 Toyota Mirai – Brief Overview

Feb 5, 2021: The 2021 Toyota Mirai might be one of the most exciting developments for commercial fuel cell vehicles. This hydrogen fuel-cell sedan brings with it all of the life, charisma, and energy that one could have hoped for. If you are looking for proof of performance, then, you might be happy to see the 2021 Toyota … The post 2021 Toyota Mirai – Brief Overview first appeared on Hydrogen Cars Now.

Salt battery design overcomes bump in the road to help electric cars go the extra mile

Feb 1, 2021: Using salt as a key ingredient, researchers have designed a new type of rechargeable battery that could accelerate the shift to greener, electric transport on our roads.

Chemists settle battery debate, propel research forward

Jan 28, 2021: Chemists have identified new details of the reaction mechanism that takes place in batteries with lithium metal anodes. The findings are a major step towards developing smaller, lighter, and less expensive batteries for electric vehicles.

Ions in molten salts can go 'against the flow'

Jan 27, 2021: A research group shows, using computer simulations, that ions do not always behave as expected. In their research on molten salts, they were able to see that, in some cases, the ions in the salt mixture they were studying affect one another so much that they may even move in the 'wrong' direction - that is, towards an electrode with the same charge.

Solar hydrogen: Photoanodes made of alpha-SnWO4 promise high efficiencies

Jan 26, 2021: Photoanodes made of metal oxides are considered to be a viable solution for the production of hydrogen with sunlight. Alpha-SnWO4 has optimal electronic properties for photoelectrochemical water splitting with sunlight, but corrodes easily. Protective layers of nickel oxide prevent corrosion, but reduce the photovoltage and limit the efficiency. Now a team has investigated at BESSY II what happens at the interface between the photoanode and the protective layer.

Highly efficient grid-scale electricity storage at fifth of cost

Jan 22, 2021: Researchers have found a way to enhance hybrid flow batteries and their commercial use. The new approach can store electricity in these batteries for very long durations for about a fifth the price of current technologies, with minimal location restraints and zero emissions.