Alternative Energy

Hydrogen Fuel News

The latest hydrogen fuel cell news from our hydrogen and fuel cell technology news sources.

Nov 17, 2018

Hydrogen Fuel Cells

Affordable catalyst for CO2 recycling

Nov 16, 2018: A catalyst for carbon dioxide recycling, Mineral pentlandite may also be a conceivable alternative to expensive precious metal catalysts. Pentlandite had previously been known as a catalyst for hydrogen production. By adding a suitable solvent, the researchers successfully utilised it to convert carbon dioxide into carbon monoxide. The latter is a common source material in the chemical industry.

Next step on the path towards an efficient biofuel cell

Nov 14, 2018: Fuel cells that work with the enzyme hydrogenase are, in principle, just as efficient as those that contain the expensive precious metal platinum as a catalyst. However, the enzymes need an aqueous environment, which makes it difficult for the starting material for the reaction -- hydrogen -- to reach the enzyme-loaded electrode. Researchers solved this problem by combining previously developed concepts for packaging the enzymes with gas diffusion electrode technology.

Purple bacteria 'batteries' turn sewage into clean energy

Nov 13, 2018: Purple phototrophic bacteria -- which can store energy from light -- when supplied with an electric current can recover near to 100 percent of carbon from any type of organic waste, while generating hydrogen gas for use as fuel.

Nano-scale process may speed arrival of cheaper hi-tech products

Nov 9, 2018: Researchers have developed an inexpensive way to make products incorporating nanoparticles -- such as high-performance energy devices or sophisticated diagnostic tests -- which could speed the commercial development of devices, materials and technologies.

Extending the life of low-cost, compact, lightweight batteries

Nov 8, 2018: A new method can greatly extend the life of inexpensive, compact, lightweight metal-air batteries.

Metallic nanocatalysts imitate the structure of enzymes

Nov 8, 2018: An international team of researchers has transferred certain structural characteristics of natural enzymes, which ensure particularly high catalytic activity, to metallic nanoparticles. The desired chemical reaction thus did not take place at the particle surface as usual, but in channels inside the metal particles -- and with three times higher catalytic activity.

Images of photosynthetic protein complex splitting water

Nov 7, 2018: In a new article presents high-resolution images of photosystem II, the protein complex that splits water into hydrogen ions and oxygen during photosynthesis. The images will help researchers better understand this complex mechanism, possibly opening up the door to developing cheap and efficient solar fuel devices.

Graphene takes a step towards renewable fuel

Nov 7, 2018: Researchers are working to develop a method to convert water and carbon dioxide to the renewable energy of the future, using the energy from the sun and graphene applied to the surface of cubic silicon carbide. They have now taken an important step towards this goal, and developed a method that makes it possible to produce graphene with several layers in a tightly controlled process.

New material cleans and splits water

Nov 5, 2018: Researchers have developed a photocatalytic system based on a material in the class of metal-organic frameworks. The system can be used to degrade pollutants present in water while simultaneously producing hydrogen that can be captured and used further.

Laser technique may open door to more efficient clean fuels

Oct 30, 2018: Electrocatalysts have shown promise as a way to efficiently convert waste CO2 into clean fuels, but the mechanisms by which they operate are often unknown making it hard for researchers to design new ones in a rational manner. New research demonstrates a laser-based spectroscopy technique that can be used to study the electrochemical reduction of CO2 in-situ and provide much-needed insights into these complex chemical pathways.

Modelling a future fuelled by sustainable energy

Oct 30, 2018: Economists have modeled the transition from a world powered by fossil fuels to one in which sustainable sources supply all our energy needs.

A solar cell that does double duty for renewable energy

Oct 29, 2018: Researchers have developed an artificial photosynthesis device called a ''hybrid photoelectrochemical and voltaic (HPEV) cell'' that turns sunlight and water into two types of energy - hydrogen fuel and electricity.

Finally, a robust fuel cell that runs on methane at practical temperatures

Oct 29, 2018: Either exorbitantly expensive fuel or insanely hot temperatures have made fuel cells a boutique proposition, but now there's one that runs on cheap methane and at much lower temperatures.

Breakthrough in process to produce hydrogen fuel

Oct 29, 2018: Researchers have cracked the chemical mechanism that will enable development of a new and more efficient photo-chemical process to produce hydrogen fuel from water, according to a new article.

Whiskers, surface growth and dendrites in lithium batteries

Oct 25, 2018: Researchers take a closer look at lithium metal plating and make some surprising findings that might lead to the next generation of batteries.

Nanotubes may give the world better batteries

Oct 25, 2018: Scientists use thin films of multiwalled carbon nanotubes to keep lithium metal from sprouting dendrites, tentacle-like growths that can cause batteries to fail. The strategy could be key to developing batteries that hold more energy and charge faster than current, ubiquitous lithium-ion batteries.

Efficient electrochemical cells for carbon dioxide conversion

Oct 25, 2018: Scientists have developed electrochemical cells that convert carbon monoxide derived from carbon dioxide into commercially viable compounds more effectively and efficiently than existing technologies. Their research provides a new strategy for capturing carbon dioxide and converting it into chemical feedstocks.

Mysteries of polymer strands in fuel cells unravelled

Oct 24, 2018: Fuel cell efficiency of hydrogen fuel cells decreases as the Nafion membrane, used to separate the anode and cathode within a fuel cell, swells as it interacts with water. Russian and Australian researchers have now shown that this Nafion separator membrane partially unwinds some of its constituent fibers, which then protrude away from the surface into the bulk water phase for hundreds of microns.

Nanodiamonds as photocatalysts

Oct 18, 2018: Diamond nanomaterials are considered hot candidates for low-cost photocatalysts. They can be activated by light and can then accelerate certain reactions between water and CO2 and produce carbon-neutral 'solar fuels'. The EU project DIACAT has now doped such diamond materials with boron and shown at BESSY II how this could significantly improve the photocatalytic properties.

New material, manufacturing process use sun's heat for cheaper renewable electricity

Oct 18, 2018: Scientists have developed a new material and manufacturing process that would make one way to use solar power -- as heat energy -- more efficient in generating electricity.

3D-printed lithium-ion batteries

Oct 17, 2018: Electric vehicles and most electronic devices, such as cell phones and laptop computers, are powered by lithium-ion batteries. Until now, manufacturers have had to design their devices around the size and shape of commercially available batteries. But researchers have developed a new method to 3D print lithium-ion batteries in virtually any shape.

New, durable catalyst for key fuel cell reaction may prove useful in eco-friendly vehicles

Oct 16, 2018: A new catalyst exceeds Department of Energy targets for performing the oxygen reduction reaction, a key step in generating an electric current in a hydrogen fuel cell.

A stabilizing influence enables lithium-sulfur battery evolution

Oct 16, 2018: A new approach to making the sulfur cathodes in lithium-sulfur batteries, could preserve their impressive energy density -- clearing a significant hurdle that had blocked their widespread use for more than a decade.

Building a better battery layer by layer

Oct 12, 2018: Scientists are now closer to a thin, high-capacity lithium-ion battery that could open the gates to better energy storage systems for electric vehicles.

Novel use of NMR sheds light on easy-to-make electropolymerized catalysts

Oct 5, 2018: In the world of catalytic reactions, polymers created through electropolymerization are attracting renewed attention. A group of researchers recently provided the first detailed characterization of the electrochemical properties of polyaniline and polyaspartic acid (PASP) thin films. The team used a wide range of tests to characterize the polymers, especially their capacity for catalyzing the oxidation of popularly used materials, hydroquinone and catechol.

New fuel cell concept brings biological design to better electricity generation

Oct 3, 2018: Fuel cells have long been viewed as a promising power source. But most fuel cells are too expensive, inefficient, or both. In a new approach, inspired by biology, a team has designed a fuel cell using cheaper materials and an organic compound that shuttles electrons and protons.

Imaging accumulated charges at solid-electrolyte interfaces

Oct 2, 2018: Researchers have developed a three-dimensional open-loop electric potential microscopy technique to visualize the charge accumulation behavior at the interface between a solid electrode and liquid electrolyte. The technique was used for providing information about the charge distribution at the interface between a copper wire electrode and salt-based electrolyte. This technique increases our ability to probe nanoscale interfacial phenomena, making it useful for research in electronics, electrochemistry, and biology.

Artificial leaf: Highly active organic photocatalyst discovered

Oct 1, 2018: Scientists have synthesized a new organic material that can convert water into hydrogen fuel using sunlight.

Eco-friendly nanoparticles for artificial photosynthesis

Oct 1, 2018: Researchers have developed a nanoparticle type for novel use in artificial photosynthesis by adding zinc sulfide on the surface of indium-based quantum dots. These quantum dots produce clean hydrogen fuel from water and sunlight -- a sustainable source of energy. They introduce new eco-friendly and powerful materials to solar photocatalysis.

Device that integrates solar cell and battery could store electricity outside the grid

Sep 27, 2018: Scientists have harnessed the abilities of both a solar cell and a battery in one device -- a 'solar flow battery' that soaks up sunlight and efficiently stores it as chemical energy for later on-demand use. Their research could make electricity more accessible in remote regions of the world.

Shirtsleeves Hydrail Stations

Sep 26, 2018: by guest blogger Stan Thompson On Sunday, September 16, 2018, at Bremervörde, in the State of Niedersachsen, Germany, I boarded the first intercity hydrail train—my dream since 2003! It was Alstom’s shiny new blue Coradia iLint Hydrogen Multiple Unit light rail train, wireless electric and silent as the wind turbines on the North German horizon ……

Efficient generation of high-density plasma enabled by high magnetic field

Sep 26, 2018: Scientists have demonstrated that it is possible to efficiently heat plasma by focusing a relativistic electron beam (REB) accelerated by a high-intensity short-pulse laser with the application of a magnetic field of 600 tesla (T), about 600 times greater than the magnetic energy of a neodymium magnet (the strongest permanent magnet).

New battery gobbles up carbon dioxide

Sep 21, 2018: New technology could use carbon dioxide captured from power plants to make a new kind of lithium battery.

Super cheap earth element to advance new battery tech to the industry

Sep 19, 2018: Worldwide efforts to make sodium-ion batteries just as functional as lithium-ion batteries have long since controlled sodium's tendency to explode, but not yet resolved how to prevent sodium-ions from 'getting lost' during the first few times a battery charges and discharges. Now, researchers made a sodium powder version that fixes this problem and holds a charge properly.

After 150 years, a breakthrough in understanding the conversion of carbon dioxide to electrofuels

Sep 17, 2018: Using surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, engineers have observed how carbon dioxide is activated at the electrode-electrolyte interface. Their finding shifts the catalyst design from trial-and-error paradigm to a rational approach and could lead to alternative, cheaper, and safer renewable energy storage.

Germany Premiers Intercity Hydrail

Sep 17, 2018:   The Mooresville Hydrail Initiative, begun in August, 2003, as an invited  proposal to the US DOT’s Volpe “think tank”, reached its primary goal this morning (17 September 2018) as the first ticketed passengers rode Alstom’s ghostly quiet Coradia iLint trains through Lower Saxony—the world’s first regular intercity hydrail passenger traffic! Stan Thompson (pictured above), the ……

A protective shield for sensitive enzymes in biofuel cells

Sep 17, 2018: Researchers have developed a new mechanism to protect enzymes from oxygen as biocatalysts in fuel cells. The enzymes, known as hydrogenases, are just as efficient as precious metal catalysts, but unstable when they come into contact with oxygen. They are therefore not yet suitable for technological applications. The new protective mechanism is based on oxygen-consuming enzymes that draw their energy from sugar.

A novel approach of improving battery performance

Sep 17, 2018: A team of researchers has introduced a novel technology that promises to significantly boost the performance of lithium metal batteries.

Not too wet, not too dry: Plasma-treated fuel cell gets it just right

Sep 7, 2018: Fuel cells hold promise as a clean, renewable source of energy. But keeping them dry has long been a challenge, as they produce water during the process of converting hydrogen and oxygen into electricity. Now researchers say they may have found a solution: pre-treating the electrode -- a key component of fuel cells -- with ionized oxygen gas, or plasma.

North Carolina pioneering hydrail in USA

Sep 5, 2018: a first step toward bringing hydrail back home by guest blogger, Stan Thompson North Carolina operates its own passenger railway service. The State Department of Transportation has begun plans to modify the locomotives on its line from the State Capital (Raleigh) to the State’s biggest city, (Charlotte) to be powered electrically by hydrogen via fuel ……

New technology improves hydrogen manufacturing

Sep 4, 2018: Researchers have demonstrated high-performance electrochemical hydrogen production at a lower temperature than had been possible before.

Cathode fabrication for oxide solid-state batteries at room temperature

Sep 4, 2018: Researchers have successfully fabricated a lithium trivanadate (LVO) cathode thick film on a garnet-type oxide solid electrolyte using the aerosol deposition method. The LVO cathode thick-film fabricated on the solid electrolyte showed a large reversible charge and discharge capacity as high as 300 mAh/g and a good cycling stability at 100 ºC. This finding may contribute to the realization of highly safe and chemically stable oxide-based all-solid-state lithium batteries.

Catalyst advance could lead to economical fuel cells

Aug 30, 2018: Researchers have developed a new way to make low-cost, single-atom catalysts for fuel cells -- an advance that could make important clean energy technology more economically viable.

Producing hydrogen from splitting water without splitting hairs

Aug 24, 2018: In our energy-hungry society, finding cheaper ways of producing and storing energy is a constant battle. Scientists have now devised a method of using copper as a catalyst in the reaction designed to split water and produce hydrogen in gaseous form.

Chemists make breakthrough on road to creating a rechargeable lithium-oxygen battery

Aug 23, 2018: Chemists have successfully resolved two of the most challenging issues surrounding lithium-oxygen batteries, and in the process created a working battery with near 100 per cent coulombic efficiency. The new work demonstrates that four-electron conversion for lithium-oxygen electrochemistry is highly reversible. The team is the first to achieve four-electron conversion, which doubles the electron storage of lithium-oxygen, also known as lithium-air, batteries.

Improved understanding of industrial electrode processes

Aug 22, 2018: In the industrial production of chlorine, recently special electrodes have been introduced, which consume much less current than conventional systems. The method requires oxygen which is introduced into hot, highly concentrated sodium hydroxide solution, in which it is poorly soluble. It is still unclear how industrial current densities can be achieved under these conditions. Researchers from Bochum and Clausthal have gained new insight into the processes involving these types of electrodes, also referred to as oxygen-depolarised cathodes.

Toward fast-charging solid-state batteries

Aug 20, 2018: There are currently great hopes for solid-state batteries. They contain no liquid parts that could leak or catch fire. For this reason, they do not require cooling and are considered to be much safer, more reliable, and longer lasting than traditional lithium-ion batteries. Scientists have now introduced a new concept that allows currents up to ten times greater during charging and discharging than previously described in the literature.

Battery breakthrough: Doubling performance with lithium metal that doesn't catch fire

Aug 15, 2018: A rechargeable battery technology could double the output of today's lithium ion cells -- drastically extending electric vehicle ranges and time between cell phone charges -- without taking up any added space.

Hydrogen Fueling Station in Mesa Verde, California?

Aug 14, 2018:   A few days ago I posted in my social media channels the idea of putting a hydrogen fueling station in Mesa Verde, California which is on the border with Arizona. I’ve had a couple of fuel cell car drivers contact me who would like to drive from Los Angeles to Phoenix and back and ……

System selectively sequesters toxins from water

Aug 6, 2018: Engineers are developing ionic water-treatment technology that saves money and energy by selectively removing only hazardous contaminants and ignoring those that are harmless. The platform technology could be used to treat drinking water and wastewater from industrial applications like oil and gas wells.