Alternative Energy

Hydrogen Fuel News

The latest hydrogen fuel cell news from our hydrogen and fuel cell technology news sources.

Mar 22, 2019

Hydrogen Fuel Cells

Plant scraps are the key ingredient in cheap, sustainable jet fuel

Mar 21, 2019: Scientists have developed a process for converting plant waste from agriculture and timber harvesting into high-density aviation fuel. Their research may help reduce CO2 emissions from airplanes and rockets.

Cost-effective method for hydrogen fuel production process

Mar 19, 2019: Researchers have identified an inexpensive way to boost the efficiency of a process used to create hydrogen, a clean, renewable fuel.

Bright skies for plant-based jet fuels

Mar 19, 2019: With an estimated daily fuel demand of more than 5 million barrels per day, the global aviation sector is incredibly energy-intensive and almost entirely reliant on petroleum-based fuels. However, a new analysis shows that sustainable plant-based bio-jet fuels could provide a competitive alternative to conventional fuels if current development and scale-up initiatives continue to push ahead successfully.

Researchers create hydrogen fuel from seawater

Mar 18, 2019: Splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen presents an alternative to fossil fuels, but purified water is a precious resource. A team has now developed a way to harness seawater -- Earth's most abundant source -- for chemical energy.

Advances point the way to smaller, safer batteries

Mar 18, 2019: New research advances the design of solid-state batteries, a technology that is inherently safer and more energy-dense than today's lithium-ion batteries, which rely on flammable liquid electrolytes for fast transfer of chemical energy stored in molecular bonds to electricity. By starting with liquid electrolytes and then transforming them into solid polymers inside the electrochemical cell, the researchers take advantage of both liquid and solid properties to overcome key limitations in current battery designs.

Cause of cathode degradation identified for nickel-rich materials

Mar 15, 2019: A team of scientists have identified the causes of degradation in a cathode material for lithium-ion batteries, as well as possible remedies. Their findings could lead to the development of more affordable and better performing batteries for electric vehicles.

Use hydrail: a plea to PR and Corp Com types

Mar 14, 2019: by guest blogger Stan Thompson     Fifteen years ago the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy introduced the public to the hydrail future of the railway industry in an invited article, “The Mooresville Hydrail Initiative” (February 2004: volume 29, issue 4, page 438).     One main reason for the IJHE article was to establish ……

Chemical hydrogen storage system

Mar 7, 2019: Hydrogen is a highly attractive, but also highly explosive energy carrier, which requires safe, lightweight and cheap storage as well as transportation systems. Scientists have now developed a chemical storage system based on simple and abundant organic compounds. The liquid hydrogen carrier system has a high theoretical capacity and uses the same catalyst for the charging-discharging reaction.

Ultrathin Nanomaterials Will Make Fuel Cells for Cars Cheaper

Mar 7, 2019: Scientists at Johns Hopkins University have developed new fuel cell materials that are based on nanomaterials. Extremely flexible nanomaterials are able to lower the cost than what it is available on the current market. The scientists have established a manner in which the reactivity of ultrathin nanosheets is boosted. The study was published in Science. ……

Engineers develop fast method to convert algae to biocrude

Mar 4, 2019: A team of chemical engineers have developed a new kind of jet mixer for creating biomass from algae that extracts the lipids from the watery plants with much less energy than the older extraction method. This key discovery now puts this form of energy closer to becoming a viable, cost-effective alternative fuel.

Climate rewind: Scientists turn carbon dioxide back into coal

Feb 26, 2019: Scientists have harnessed liquid metals to turn carbon dioxide back into solid coal, in research that offers an alternative pathway for safely and permanently removing the greenhouse gas from our atmosphere. The new technique can convert carbon dioxide back into carbon at room temperature, a process that's efficient and scalable. A side benefit is that the carbon can hold electrical charge, becoming a supercapacitor, so it could potentially be used as a component in future vehicles.

How power-to-gas technology can be green and profitable

Feb 26, 2019: Hydrogen production based on wind power can already be commercially viable today. Until now, it was generally assumed that this environmentally friendly power-to-gas technology could not be implemented profitably. Economists have now described, based on the market situations in Germany and Texas, how flexible production facilities could make this technology a key component in the transition of the energy system.

High-powered fuel cell boosts electric-powered submersibles, drones

Feb 25, 2019: Engineers have developed a high-powered fuel cell that operates at double the voltage of today's commercial fuel cells. It could power underwater vehicles, drones and eventually electric aircraft at a significantly lower cost.

Microwaves Creating Hydrogen from Fossil Fuels

Feb 21, 2019: As fuel cell vehicles rollout in California, Germany, Japan, the UK and elsewhere, creating an abundance of hydrogen is key to the success of the adoption of the vehicles. As fuel cell vehicles are considered to be disruptive technology so are the means of making hydrogen gas. One of the new ways of doing so ……

Sustainable, solar-driven chemical manufacturing

Feb 21, 2019: A team of researchers is working to upend energy-intensive, fossil fuel-dependent chemical manufacturing processes and replace them with sustainable, solar-driven reactions that rely on renewable feedstocks. The team recently designed a novel reactor that uses solar energy and plant waste to sustainably produce adiponitrile, an precursor material used in Nylon production.

'Goldilocks' thinking to cut cost of fuel cells in electric vehicles

Feb 21, 2019: Electric vehicles running on fuel cells tout zero emissions and higher efficiency, but expensive platinum is holding them back from entering a larger market. A new method increases fuel cell electrode activity at least tenfold, using 90 percent less metal.

Expanding the use of silicon in batteries, by preventing electrodes from expanding

Feb 21, 2019: Silicon anodes are generally viewed as the next development in lithium-ion battery technology. Silicon's ability to absorb more charge translates to longer battery life and smaller batteries, if researchers can check the physical expansion of the silicon that comes with charging. Research suggests that adding MXene ink to the silicon electrode-making process would do just that.

Lithium-air batteries can store energy for cars, houses and industry

Feb 15, 2019: Growth in the offer of renewable energy sources will mean increased demand for devices optimal for energy storing.

Better red than dread: Barrier keeps batteries safe

Feb 14, 2019: A layer of red phosphorus in rechargeable lithium metal batteries can signal when damaging dendrites threaten to create a short circuit. The strategy, which does not require a third electrode, could help bring more powerful lithium metal batteries to market.

X-rays used to understand the flaws of battery fast charging

Feb 11, 2019: Researchers imaged a battery as it was quickly charged and discharged, allowing for the observation of lithium plating behavior that can inhibit the battery's long-term function.

Developed self-controlling 'smart' fuel cell electrode material

Feb 7, 2019: A research team has electrode material for a new form of high-performance solid oxide fuel cell.

Observing hydrogen's effects in metal

Feb 5, 2019: Microscopy technique could help researchers design safer reactor vessels or hydrogen storage tanks.

Current generation via quantum proton transfer

Feb 1, 2019: Scientists have discovered that proton transfer in electrochemical reactions is governed by the quantum tunneling effect (QTE) under the specific conditions. In addition, they made a first ever observation of the transition between the quantum and classical regimes in electrochemical proton transfer by controlling potential. These results may advance basic research leading to the development of highly efficient electrochemical energy conversion systems based on quantum mechanics.

Proton transport 'highway' may pave way to better high-power batteries

Jan 28, 2019: Researchers have found that a chemical mechanism first described more than two centuries ago holds the potential to revolutionize energy storage for high-power applications like vehicles or electrical grids.

Solar-Hydrogen-Ammonia Tractor Goes Live on Iowa Farm

Jan 25, 2019: A team led by Jay Schmuecker has created a hydrogen-ammonia tractor upon an Iowa farm plus a whole solar system to provide the fuel. This incredible new system could be a game-changer for everyone. It’s the definition of modern thinking put into a slick renewable system. You can check out a System Schematic drawing of ……

Technique identifies electricity-producing bacteria

Jan 11, 2019: Engineers have developed a microfluidic technique that can quickly process small samples of bacteria and gauge a specific property that's highly correlated with bacteria's ability to produce electricity. They say that this property, known as polarizability, can be used to assess a bacteria's electrochemical activity in a safer, more efficient manner compared to current techniques.

Discovery adapts natural membrane to make hydrogen fuel from water

Jan 10, 2019: Scientists have combined two membrane-bound protein complexes to perform a complete conversion of water molecules to hydrogen and oxygen.

New catalysts for better fuel cells

Jan 9, 2019: Researchers have fabricated nano-sized catalysts that could improve the performance and production of clean energy fuel cells.

Making cell phones and power lines more durable

Jan 3, 2019: Researchers have developed a way to make cell phones and power lines more durable. …

Illuminating nanoparticle growth with X-rays

Dec 26, 2018: Ultrabright X-rays at NSLS-II reveal key details of catalyst growth for more efficient hydrogen fuel cells.

Lean electrolyte design is a game-changer for magnesium batteries

Dec 21, 2018: Researchers have discovered a promising new version of high-energy magnesium batteries, with potential applications ranging from electric vehicles to battery storage for renewable energy systems.

A lung-inspired design turns water into fuel

Dec 20, 2018: Scientists have designed an electrocatalytic mechanism that works like a mammalian lung to convert water into fuel. Their research could help existing clean energy technologies run more efficiently.

Disordered crystals are promising for future battery technology

Dec 19, 2018: Tiny, disordered particles of magnesium chromium oxide may hold the key to new magnesium battery energy storage technology, which could possess increased capacity compared to conventional lithium-ion batteries, find researchers.

Graphene's magic is in the defects

Dec 18, 2018: A team of researchers has solved a longstanding puzzle of how to build ultra-sensitive, ultra-small electrochemical sensors with homogenous and predictable properties by discovering how to engineer graphene structure on an atomic level.

Flexible thermoelectric generator module: A silver bullet to fix waste energy issues

Dec 18, 2018: Researchers developed an inexpensive large-scale flexible thermoelectric generator (FlexTEG) module with high mechanical reliability for highly efficient power generation. Through a change in direction of the top electrodes at the two sides of the module and the use of high density packaging of semiconductor chips, the FlexTEG module has more flexibility in any uniaxial direction.

Scientists maximize the effectiveness of platinum in fuel cells

Dec 13, 2018: Scientists have identified a new catalyst that uses only about a quarter as much platinum as current technology by maximizing the effectiveness of the available platinum.

For a longer battery life: Pushing lithium ion batteries to the next performance level

Dec 13, 2018: Conventional lithium ion batteries have reached performance limits. Scientists have now developed a new nanostructured anode material for lithium ion batteries, which extends the capacity and cycle life of the batteries. Based on a mesoporous mixed metal oxide in combination with graphene, the material could provide a new approach how to make better use of batteries in large devices such as electric or hybrid vehicles.

Low-cost catalyst boosts hydrogen production from water

Dec 12, 2018: A future powered by carbon-free fuel depends on our ability to harness and store energy from renewable but intermittent sources, such as solar and wind. Now, a new catalyst gives a boost to a number of clean energy technologies that depend on producing hydrogen from water.

Paving the way for more efficient hydrogen cars

Dec 5, 2018: For hydrogen cars to become mainstream, scientists need to develop more efficient hydrogen-storage systems. Now, researchers have used metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) to set a new record for hydrogen storage capacity under normal operating conditions.

Team converts wet biological waste to diesel-compatible fuel

Dec 4, 2018: In a step toward producing renewable engine fuels that are compatible with existing diesel fuel infrastructure, researchers report they can convert wet biowaste, such as swine manure and food scraps, into a fuel that can be blended with diesel and that shares diesel's combustion efficiency and emissions profile.

Electrochemical techniques for monitoring microbial growth demonstrated

Dec 4, 2018: Researchers have demonstrated the use of electrochemical techniques to monitor the growth status and energy levels of microorganisms used in biotechnology industries.

Business Gets Down to Hydrail

Dec 4, 2018: by guest blogger, Stan Thompson When Dr. Holger Busche conceived wind turbine powered commuter trains for Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, back in 1998, he probably had a business model in mind, though he is a committed environmentalist. But by the time I presented the passenger hydrail concept to the US DOT in 2003, the environmental angle had become ……

New Mercedes-Benz GLC F-Cell Launched

Nov 30, 2018: For the first time in their history, Mercedes-Benz has handed over their first ever GLC F-CELL vehicles to members of the German auto market. This new vehicle makes use of fuel cells and plug-in battery drives. With this latest release using plug-in technology to charge the vehicle, too, this is a very interesting step into ……

Brilliant iron molecule could provide cheaper solar energy

Nov 30, 2018: For the first time, researchers have succeeded in creating an iron molecule that can function both as a photocatalyst to produce fuel and in solar cells to produce electricity. The results indicate that the iron molecule could replace the more expensive and rarer metals used today.

New catalyst produces cheap hydrogen fuel

Nov 29, 2018: Chemistry researchers have discovered cheaper and more efficient materials for producing hydrogen for the storage of renewable energy that could replace current water-splitting catalysts.

Putting hybrid-electric aircraft performance to the test

Nov 27, 2018: Although hybrid-electric cars are becoming commonplace, similar technology applied to airplanes comes with significantly different challenges. Aerospace engineers are addressing some of them toward the development of a more sustainable alternative to fossil fuels to power airplanes.

Living electrodes with bacteria and organic electronics

Nov 26, 2018: Researchers have developed a method that increases the signal strength from microbial electrochemical cells by up to 20 times. The secret is a film with an embedded bacterium: Shewanella oneidensis.

Affordable catalyst for CO2 recycling

Nov 16, 2018: A catalyst for carbon dioxide recycling, Mineral pentlandite may also be a conceivable alternative to expensive precious metal catalysts. Pentlandite had previously been known as a catalyst for hydrogen production. By adding a suitable solvent, the researchers successfully utilised it to convert carbon dioxide into carbon monoxide. The latter is a common source material in the chemical industry.

Next step on the path towards an efficient biofuel cell

Nov 14, 2018: Fuel cells that work with the enzyme hydrogenase are, in principle, just as efficient as those that contain the expensive precious metal platinum as a catalyst. However, the enzymes need an aqueous environment, which makes it difficult for the starting material for the reaction -- hydrogen -- to reach the enzyme-loaded electrode. Researchers solved this problem by combining previously developed concepts for packaging the enzymes with gas diffusion electrode technology.

Purple bacteria 'batteries' turn sewage into clean energy

Nov 13, 2018: Purple phototrophic bacteria -- which can store energy from light -- when supplied with an electric current can recover near to 100 percent of carbon from any type of organic waste, while generating hydrogen gas for use as fuel.