Alternative Energy

Hydrogen Fuel News

The latest hydrogen fuel cell news from our hydrogen and fuel cell technology news sources.

May 21, 2019

Hydrogen Fuel Cells

New material could unlock potential for hydrogen powered vehicle revolution

May 15, 2019: An international team of researchers has discovered a new material made from manganese hydride that would be used to make molecular sieves within fuel tanks - which store the hydrogen and work alongside fuel cells in a hydrogen powered 'system'. The material would enable the design of tanks that are far smaller, cheaper, more convenient and energy dense than existing hydrogen fuel technologies, and significantly out-perform battery-powered vehicles.

Electrode's 'hot edges' convert carbon dioxide gas into fuels and chemicals

May 14, 2019: A team of scientists has created a bowl-shaped electrode with 'hot edges' which can efficiently convert carbon dioxide from gas into carbon based fuels and chemicals, helping combat the climate change threat posed by atmospheric carbon dioxide.

New coating could have big implications for lithium batteries

May 14, 2019: Scientists have developed a new cathode coating by using an oxidative chemical vapor deposition technique. The new coating can keep a battery's cathode electrically and ionically conductive and ensures that the battery stays safe after many cycles.

A step for a promising new battery to store clean energy

May 13, 2019: Researchers have built a more efficient, more reliable potassium-oxygen battery, a step toward a potential solution for energy storage on the nation's power grid and longer-lasting batteries in cell phones and laptops.

Underwater power generation

May 13, 2019: Underwater vehicles, diving robots, and detectors require their own energy supply to operate for long periods independent of ships. A new, inexpensive system for the direct electrochemical extraction of energy from seawater offers the advantage of also being able to handle short spikes in power demand, while maintaining longer term steady power. To do so, the system can autonomously switch between two modes of operation.

Methane-consuming bacteria could be the future of fuel

May 9, 2019: Researchers have found that the enzyme responsible for the methane-methanol conversion in methanotrophic bacteria catalyzes the reaction at a site that contains just one copper ion. This finding could lead to newly designed, human-made catalysts that can convert methane -- a highly potent greenhouse gas -- to readily usable methanol with the same effortless mechanism.

Solar-powered hydrogen fuels a step closer

May 9, 2019: A cheaper, cleaner and more sustainable way of making hydrogen fuel from water using sunlight is step closer, thanks to new research.

Clean fuel cells could be cheap enough to replace gas engines in vehicles

May 8, 2019: Advancements in zero-emission fuel cells could make the technology cheap enough to replace traditional gasoline engines in vehicles.

Monitoring the lifecycle of tiny catalyst nanoparticles

May 3, 2019: In order to tailor nanoparticles in such a way that they can catalyze certain reactions selectively and efficiently, researchers need to determine the properties of single particles as precisely as possible. So far, an ensemble of many nanoparticles is analyzed. The problem of these investigations is that the contributions of different particles interfere, so that the properties of individual particles remain concealed. Researchers have now developed a novel method in order to observe single nanoparticles before, during and after an electrochemical reaction.

Record solar hydrogen production with concentrated sunlight

Apr 29, 2019: Researchers have created a smart device capable of producing large amounts of clean hydrogen. By concentrating sunlight, their device uses a smaller amount of the rare, costly materials that are required to produce hydrogen, yet it still maintains a high solar-to-fuel efficiency. Their research has been taken to the next scale with a pilot facility installed on the EPFL campus.

Graphene sponge helps lithium sulphur batteries reach new potential

Apr 29, 2019: To meet the demands of an electric future, new battery technologies will be essential. One option is lithium sulfur batteries, which offer a theoretical energy density more than five times that of lithium ion batteries. Researchers recently unveiled a promising breakthrough for this type of battery, using a catholyte with the help of a graphene sponge.

Improving the lifetime of bioelectrodes for solar energy conversion

Apr 26, 2019: The use of proteins involved in the photosynthetic process enables the development of affordable and efficient devices for energy conversion. However, although proteins such as photosystem I are robust in nature, the use of isolated protein complexes incorporated in semi-artificial electrodes is associated with a considerably short long-term stability. Thus, technological application is still limited. Researchers showed that careful operation of the photosystem-based bioelectrode under the exclusion of oxygen is the key for achieving high stability.

A close look at lithium batteries

Apr 24, 2019: To better analyze the causes of malfunctions and premature failure of lithium batteries, researchers have developed a technique that visualizes the distribution of active lithium on the anode and differentiates between dendrites and 'dead' lithium.

New technique produces longer-lasting lithium batteries

Apr 22, 2019: Researchers have developed a new method for safely prolonging battery life by inserting a nano-coating of boron nitride (BN) to stabilize solid electrolytes in lithium metal batteries. The team focused on solid, ceramic electrolytes, which show promise in improving safety and energy density, compared with conventional, flammable electrolytes in Li-ion batteries. Rechargeable solid-state lithium batteries they are promising candidates for next-generation energy storage.

High performance solid-state sodium-ion battery

Apr 19, 2019: Solid-state sodium-ion batteries are far safer than conventional lithium-ion batteries, which pose a risk of fire and explosions, but their performance has been too weak to offset the safety advantages. Researchers have now reported developing an organic cathode that dramatically improves both stability and energy density.

Through thick and thin: Neutrons track lithium ions in battery electrodes

Apr 19, 2019: Lithium-ion batteries are expected to have a global market value of $47 billion by 2023, but their use in heavy-duty applications such as electric vehicles is limited due to factors such as lengthy charge and discharge cycles. Engineers are examining how the lithium moves in battery electrodes, important in designing batteries that charge and discharge faster.

Better method to recycle and renew used cathodes from lithium-ion batteries

Apr 17, 2019: Researchers have improved their recycling process that regenerates degraded cathodes from spent lithium-ion batteries. The new process is safer and uses less energy than their previous method in restoring cathodes to their original capacity and cycle performance.

New discovery makes fast-charging, better performing lithium-ion batteries possible

Apr 16, 2019: Creating a lithium-ion battery that can charge in a matter of minutes but still operate at a high capacity is possible. This development has the potential to improve battery performance for consumer electronics, solar grid storage, and electric vehicles.

The right polymers for the job

Apr 11, 2019: One of the most promising clean energy technologies just got even better. Researchers have developed the most powerful, durable hydroxide exchange membrane fuel cell components on record.

Shrinking the carbon footprint of a chemical in everyday objects

Apr 9, 2019: Chemical engineers have devised an alternative approach to synthesizing epoxides, a type of chemical that is found in many products, including plastics, pharmaceuticals and textiles. Their approach could reduce the greenhouse gas emissions produced by current manufacturing techniques.

Graphene coating could help prevent lithium battery fires

Apr 9, 2019: Researchers report that graphene -- wonder material of the 21st century -- may take the oxygen out of lithium battery fires.

Fuel cell advance a breath of fresh air for

Apr 9, 2019: In an advance that could help lead the way toward longer-lived green energy devices, engineers have revealed new insights about the chemical reactions that power fuel cells.

Engineers develop concept for hybrid heavy-duty trucks

Apr 8, 2019: Researchers have devised a new way of powering heavy-duty trucks that could drastically curb pollution, increase efficiency, and reduce or even eliminate their net greenhouse gas emissions.

Renewables are a better investment than carbon capture for tackling climate change

Apr 8, 2019: Solar panels and wind turbines coupled with energy storage offer a better hope for tackling climate change than trying to capture carbon from fossil fuel power stations, according to new research. New research shows that resources that would be spent on developing and installing carbon capture technologies would be better invested in creating more solar panels and wind turbines and focusing on developing energy storage options to support these instead.

Hydrail, Climate Change and Rotary International

Apr 6, 2019: By guest blogger Stan Thompson Bill Thunberg and I, two of the three founders of the Mooresville Hydrail Initiative (Google it), are also members of the Mooresville NC, USA, Rotary Club. Imagine our delight when we received this month’s The Rotarian Magazine with its cover page article, “CLIMATE SOLUTIONS WITHIN OUR REACH.”         In the ……

Catalyst research for solar fuels: Amorphous molybdenum sulfide works best

Apr 4, 2019: Efficient and inexpensive catalysts will be required for production of hydrogen from sunlight. Molybdenum sulfides are considered good candidates. A team has now explained what processes take place in molybdenum sulfides during catalysis and why amorphous molybdenum sulfide works best.

Minimizing fuel explosions and fires from accidents and terrorist acts with polymers

Apr 2, 2019: When an act of terrorism or a vehicle or industrial accident ignites fuel, the resulting fire or explosion can be devastating. Today, scientists will describe how lengthy but microscopic chains of polymers could be added to fuel to significantly reduce the damage from these terrifying incidents.

New approach could boost energy capacity of lithium batteries

Mar 28, 2019: Researchers have found a new way to make cathodes for lithium batteries, offering improvements in the amount of power for both a given weight and a given volume.

Wood-based technology creates electricity from body heat

Mar 25, 2019: A research team has developed a flexible, wood-based membrane that someday could turn body heat into electricity.

Highest energy density all-solid-state batteries now possible

Mar 22, 2019: Scientists have developed a new complex hydride lithium superionic conductor that could result in all-solid-state batteries with the highest energy density to date.

Plant scraps are the key ingredient in cheap, sustainable jet fuel

Mar 21, 2019: Scientists have developed a process for converting plant waste from agriculture and timber harvesting into high-density aviation fuel. Their research may help reduce CO2 emissions from airplanes and rockets.

Cost-effective method for hydrogen fuel production process

Mar 19, 2019: Researchers have identified an inexpensive way to boost the efficiency of a process used to create hydrogen, a clean, renewable fuel.

Bright skies for plant-based jet fuels

Mar 19, 2019: With an estimated daily fuel demand of more than 5 million barrels per day, the global aviation sector is incredibly energy-intensive and almost entirely reliant on petroleum-based fuels. However, a new analysis shows that sustainable plant-based bio-jet fuels could provide a competitive alternative to conventional fuels if current development and scale-up initiatives continue to push ahead successfully.

Researchers create hydrogen fuel from seawater

Mar 18, 2019: Splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen presents an alternative to fossil fuels, but purified water is a precious resource. A team has now developed a way to harness seawater -- Earth's most abundant source -- for chemical energy.

Advances point the way to smaller, safer batteries

Mar 18, 2019: New research advances the design of solid-state batteries, a technology that is inherently safer and more energy-dense than today's lithium-ion batteries, which rely on flammable liquid electrolytes for fast transfer of chemical energy stored in molecular bonds to electricity. By starting with liquid electrolytes and then transforming them into solid polymers inside the electrochemical cell, the researchers take advantage of both liquid and solid properties to overcome key limitations in current battery designs.

Cause of cathode degradation identified for nickel-rich materials

Mar 15, 2019: A team of scientists have identified the causes of degradation in a cathode material for lithium-ion batteries, as well as possible remedies. Their findings could lead to the development of more affordable and better performing batteries for electric vehicles.

Use hydrail: a plea to PR and Corp Com types

Mar 14, 2019: by guest blogger Stan Thompson     Fifteen years ago the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy introduced the public to the hydrail future of the railway industry in an invited article, “The Mooresville Hydrail Initiative” (February 2004: volume 29, issue 4, page 438).     One main reason for the IJHE article was to establish ……

Chemical hydrogen storage system

Mar 7, 2019: Hydrogen is a highly attractive, but also highly explosive energy carrier, which requires safe, lightweight and cheap storage as well as transportation systems. Scientists have now developed a chemical storage system based on simple and abundant organic compounds. The liquid hydrogen carrier system has a high theoretical capacity and uses the same catalyst for the charging-discharging reaction.

Ultrathin Nanomaterials Will Make Fuel Cells for Cars Cheaper

Mar 7, 2019: Scientists at Johns Hopkins University have developed new fuel cell materials that are based on nanomaterials. Extremely flexible nanomaterials are able to lower the cost than what it is available on the current market. The scientists have established a manner in which the reactivity of ultrathin nanosheets is boosted. The study was published in Science. ……

Engineers develop fast method to convert algae to biocrude

Mar 4, 2019: A team of chemical engineers have developed a new kind of jet mixer for creating biomass from algae that extracts the lipids from the watery plants with much less energy than the older extraction method. This key discovery now puts this form of energy closer to becoming a viable, cost-effective alternative fuel.

Climate rewind: Scientists turn carbon dioxide back into coal

Feb 26, 2019: Scientists have harnessed liquid metals to turn carbon dioxide back into solid coal, in research that offers an alternative pathway for safely and permanently removing the greenhouse gas from our atmosphere. The new technique can convert carbon dioxide back into carbon at room temperature, a process that's efficient and scalable. A side benefit is that the carbon can hold electrical charge, becoming a supercapacitor, so it could potentially be used as a component in future vehicles.

How power-to-gas technology can be green and profitable

Feb 26, 2019: Hydrogen production based on wind power can already be commercially viable today. Until now, it was generally assumed that this environmentally friendly power-to-gas technology could not be implemented profitably. Economists have now described, based on the market situations in Germany and Texas, how flexible production facilities could make this technology a key component in the transition of the energy system.

High-powered fuel cell boosts electric-powered submersibles, drones

Feb 25, 2019: Engineers have developed a high-powered fuel cell that operates at double the voltage of today's commercial fuel cells. It could power underwater vehicles, drones and eventually electric aircraft at a significantly lower cost.

Microwaves Creating Hydrogen from Fossil Fuels

Feb 21, 2019: As fuel cell vehicles rollout in California, Germany, Japan, the UK and elsewhere, creating an abundance of hydrogen is key to the success of the adoption of the vehicles. As fuel cell vehicles are considered to be disruptive technology so are the means of making hydrogen gas. One of the new ways of doing so ……

Sustainable, solar-driven chemical manufacturing

Feb 21, 2019: A team of researchers is working to upend energy-intensive, fossil fuel-dependent chemical manufacturing processes and replace them with sustainable, solar-driven reactions that rely on renewable feedstocks. The team recently designed a novel reactor that uses solar energy and plant waste to sustainably produce adiponitrile, an precursor material used in Nylon production.

'Goldilocks' thinking to cut cost of fuel cells in electric vehicles

Feb 21, 2019: Electric vehicles running on fuel cells tout zero emissions and higher efficiency, but expensive platinum is holding them back from entering a larger market. A new method increases fuel cell electrode activity at least tenfold, using 90 percent less metal.

Expanding the use of silicon in batteries, by preventing electrodes from expanding

Feb 21, 2019: Silicon anodes are generally viewed as the next development in lithium-ion battery technology. Silicon's ability to absorb more charge translates to longer battery life and smaller batteries, if researchers can check the physical expansion of the silicon that comes with charging. Research suggests that adding MXene ink to the silicon electrode-making process would do just that.

Better red than dread: Barrier keeps batteries safe

Feb 14, 2019: A layer of red phosphorus in rechargeable lithium metal batteries can signal when damaging dendrites threaten to create a short circuit. The strategy, which does not require a third electrode, could help bring more powerful lithium metal batteries to market.

X-rays used to understand the flaws of battery fast charging

Feb 11, 2019: Researchers imaged a battery as it was quickly charged and discharged, allowing for the observation of lithium plating behavior that can inhibit the battery's long-term function.

Developed self-controlling 'smart' fuel cell electrode material

Feb 7, 2019: A research team has electrode material for a new form of high-performance solid oxide fuel cell.