Alternative Energy

Hydrogen Fuel News

The latest hydrogen fuel cell news from our hydrogen and fuel cell technology news sources.

Jan 23, 2020

Hydrogen Fuel Cells

Electrochemical method for extracting uranium, and potentially other metal ions, from solution

Jan 22, 2020: Fifty years ago, scientists hit upon what they thought could be the next rocket fuel. Carboranes -- molecules composed of boron, carbon and hydrogen atoms clustered together in three-dimensional shapes -- were seen as the possible basis for next-generation propellants due to their ability to release massive amounts of energy when burned.

Less may be more in next-gen batteries

Jan 22, 2020: Engineers build full lithium-ion batteries with silicon anodes and an alumina layer to protect cathodes from degrading. By limiting their energy density, the batteries promise excellent stability for transportation and grid storage use.

Paris Takes Interest in Natural Hydrogen for Fuel

Jan 18, 2020: For years, talk of being able to turn to hydrogen as an energy source has been seen as a holy grail. The main reason for having doubts about using natural hydrogen as a fuel came from the limits in finding hydrogen that occurs in nature in high purity. However, over time and after much research ……

Not so fast: Some batteries can be pushed too far

Jan 14, 2020: Fast charge and discharge of some lithium-ion batteries with intentional defects degrades their performance and endurance, according to engineers.

Towards sustainability -- from a by-product of the biodiesel industry to a valuable chemical

Jan 8, 2020: Scientists develop a cheap and efficient copper-based catalyst that can be used to convert glycerol, one of the main by-products of the biodiesel industry, into a valuable compound called dihydroxyacetone. In addition, this same process produces hydrogen molecules from water, and these could be used as a clean type of fuel, further highlighting the impact of this research in terms of energy sustainability.

Utilizing relativistic effects for laser fusion: A new approach for clean power

Jan 7, 2020: Researchers have studied a new approach for laser nuclear fusion utilizing relativistic phenomena of intense laser light. By irradiating the ultra-intense laser light directly onto the fusion fuel, the researchers examined signs of heating of fusion fuel. This work may lead to widespread, clean fusion power.

High-performance anode for all-solid-state Li batteries is made of Si nanoparticles

Dec 24, 2019: A new study reveals that, in solid electrolytes, a Si anode composed only of commercial Si nanoparticles prepared by spray deposition -- the method is a cost-effective, atmospheric technique - exhibits excellent electrode performance, which has previously been observed only for film electrodes prepared by evaporation processes. This new result therefore suggests that a low-cost and large-scale production of high-capacity anodes for use in all-solid-state Li batteries is possible.

Could Russia pioneer high-speed hydrail?

Dec 22, 2019: by guest blogger Stan Thompson When Russia and Japan recently exchanged econdev ideas (December 2019) at the ministerial level, two of the specifics discussed were hydrogen production and greater use of the Trans-Siberia Railway. Those two dots, connected with others, could lead to Russia leaping the high speed bump now obstructing the way to wireless fuel cell ……

New aqueous lithium-ion battery improves safety without sacrificing performance

Dec 19, 2019: As the lithium-ion batteries that power most phones, laptops, and electric vehicles become increasingly fast-charging and high-performing, they also grow increasingly expensive and flammable. Engineers have now demonstrated how they could -- by using aqueous electrolytes instead of the typical organic electrolytes -- assemble a substantially safer, cost-efficient battery that still performs well.

New design principle for water-splitting catalysts

Dec 18, 2019: Understanding why platinum is such a good catalyst for producing hydrogen from water could lead to new and cheaper catalysts -- and could ultimately make more hydrogen available for fossil-free fuels and chemicals.

Neutrons optimize high efficiency catalyst for greener approach to biofuel synthesis

Dec 16, 2019: Researchers used neutron scattering in the development of a catalyst that converts biomass into liquid fuel with remarkably high efficiency and provides new possibilities for manufacturing renewable energy-related materials.

Big step in producing carbon-neutral fuel: Silver diphosphide

Dec 16, 2019: A new chemical process does in the lab what trees do in nature -- it converts carbon dioxide into usable chemicals or fuels.

Hydrail versus the Tower of Babel

Dec 12, 2019: by guest blogger Stan Thompson Thank you, Bill Vantuono, for your Railway Age, November 15, 2019, introduction to a long overdue American first:  San Bernardino’s history-making, Stadler-built hydrogen multiple unit or “HMU”.  It’s a bittersweet debut for those of us who worked for years—beginning in 2003—to add hydrail to Kitty Hawk as a North Carolina transportation ……

Pathways toward post-petrochemistry

Dec 11, 2019: Ethylene, or ethene, is a primary feedstock for the chemical industry, including as a starting material for the production of a wide variety of plastics. Scientists have now introduced a new electrochemical technique for selective and energy-efficient production of ethylene from carbon monoxide, which can be obtained from renewable resources and waste.

How light a foldable and long-lasting battery can be

Dec 11, 2019: Engineers have developed a three-dimensional monolithic organic battery electrode.

Detours may make batteries better

Dec 9, 2019: Adding atom-scale defects to battery materials may help them charge faster, theoretical models show.

As China rapidly adopts clean energy, use of traditional stoves persists

Dec 5, 2019: Old habits are hard to break. A new study of replacement of traditional wood and coal burning stoves with clean energy in China suggests that, without a better understanding of the reasons behind people's reluctance to give up traditional stoves, it will be difficult for policies in China and elsewhere in the world to succeed in encouraging this shift towards clean energy.

Scientists devise catalyst that uses light to turn carbon dioxide to fuel

Dec 4, 2019: Scientists have used sunlight and a catalyst largely made of copper to transform carbon dioxide to methanol.

Imaging technique gives catalytic 2D material engineering a better view

Dec 3, 2019: A scanning electrochemical cell imaging technique shows how nanoscale structural features affect the catalytic activity of MoS2 monolayers for hydrogen evolution reactions, report researchers.

Can we just acknowledge the “hydrogen transition”?

Dec 2, 2019: by guest blogger, Stan Thompson Let’s limit the damage to hydrogen progress caused by “friendly fire.” Good reportage, scholarship and fair play do not require that every article point out that most hydrogen comes from extracted carbon. It’s true, it’s undeniable—but it’s totally irrelevant. The vast amounts of hydrogen produced from hydrocarbons to make petrochemicals, ……

Thermo-chemical power generation integrated with forced convection cooling

Nov 27, 2019: Scientists combine forced convection cooling with thermo-electrochemical energy conversion to create a self-sustaining liquid cooling system. A liquid electrolyte is circulated through a cell to cool a hot object, and the reversible chemical reaction in the cell generates a higher electric power than the hydrodynamic pump work required to drive the liquid through the cell. This technology resolves the longstanding unaddressed issue of the loss of free energy component of the thermal energy.

Big trucks, little emissions

Nov 26, 2019: Researchers reveal a new integrated, cost-efficient way of converting ethanol for fuel blends that can reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

New study analyzes viability of sustainable fuels

Nov 26, 2019: New technology to convert ethanol into fuels suitable for aviation, shipping and other heavy-duty applications can be price-competitive with conventional fuels while retaining the sustainability benefits of bio-based ethanol, according to a new analysis.

New study looks to biological enzymes as source of hydrogen fuel

Nov 25, 2019: Research has chemists one step closer to recreating nature's most efficient machinery for generating hydrogen gas. This new development may help clear the path for the hydrogen fuel industry to move into a larger role in the global push toward more environmentally friendly energy sources.

Redlands, California All in On Hydrail

Nov 24, 2019: I lived in Redlands, California and its neighboring city Mentone for several years so this story hits home for me. I now live 30 minutes away so you can bet I’ll be “all aboard” when this comes to fruition. Now Let’s Talk Hydrogen Trains … Zero emission locomotives have been in operation in Asia and ……

New electrodes could increase efficiency of electric vehicles and aircraft

Nov 22, 2019: The rise in popularity of electric vehicles and aircraft presents the possibility of moving away from fossil fuels toward a more sustainable future. While significant technological advancements have dramatically increased the efficiency of these vehicles, there are still several issues standing in the way of widespread adoption.

Theory of pore-scale transport to enable improved flow batteries

Nov 21, 2019: Redox flow batteries are an emerging technology for electrochemical energy storage that could help enhance the use of power produced by renewable energy resources. Scientists have addressed some of its challenges with a new theory to predict how fluid flow affects the ability of molecules in a flow battery to react at the surfaces of porous electrodes.

Energy research: Economizing on iridium

Nov 20, 2019: Iridium is an ideal catalyst for the electrolytic production of hydrogen from water -- but it is extremely expensive. But now a new kind of electrode made of highly porous material does an excellent job with just a hint of iridium.

Novel Direct Thermal Charging Cell Converts low-grade waste heat to usable electricity

Nov 18, 2019: Engineers can now efficiently convert heat into electricity, creating a huge potential to reduce greenhouse effects by capturing exhaust heat and cutting down primary energy wastage.

From Russia to Charlotte and back: a hydrail odyssey

Nov 16, 2019: by guest blogger Stan Thompson Everything seems to have a Ukraine connection these days. Why not hydrail (H2 fuel cell rail traction)? Per Wikipedia, in 1880, several years before Queen Victoria’s Golden Jubilee, a Ukrainian engineer named Pyotr Pirotsky introduced the world’s first electric “tram” (European for “streetcar”) in Saint Petersburg, Russia.  Soon Pirotsky connected ……

Storing energy in hydrogen 20 times more effective using platinum-nickel catalyst

Nov 14, 2019: Catalysts accelerate chemical reactions, but the widely used metal platinum is scarce and expensive. Researchers have now developed an alternative with a 20x higher activity: a catalyst with hollow nanocages of an alloy of nickel and platinum. Researchers want to use this new catalyst to develop a refrigerator-size electrolyzer of about 10 megawatts in the future.

Ion transfer principles of salinity gradient power generation technology

Nov 7, 2019: A mathematical analysis model that can identify the ion transfer principle of salinity gradient power technology.

Go with the flow: Scientists design new grid batteries for renewable energy

Nov 7, 2019: Scientists have designed an affordable 'flow battery' membrane that could accelerate renewable energy for the electrical grid.

Microbes harvest electrons: Novel process discovered

Nov 5, 2019: New work reveals how one kind of bacteria 'eats' electricity by pulling in electrons straight from an electrode source.

Who’s Calling Shotgun for EU Hydrogen Road Trip?

Nov 5, 2019: The European Union has decided to take action on climate change. One recent example of this has been their talk of hydrogen fuel cells as a future means of powering cars. In a bid to show that they have vision in this area, a 6000km journey across Hamburg has taken place. This was to celebrate ……

Scientists create 'artificial leaf' that turns carbon into fuel

Nov 4, 2019: Scientists have created an 'artificial leaf' to fight climate change by inexpensively converting harmful carbon dioxide (CO2) into a useful alternative fuel.

Batteries: Post-lithium technology

Nov 4, 2019: Next-generation batteries will probably see the replacement of lithium ions by more abundant and environmentally benign alkali metal or multivalent ions. A major challenge, however, is the development of stable electrodes that combine high energy densities with fast charge and discharge rates. Scientists now report a high-performance cathode made of an organic polymer to be used in low-cost, environmentally benign, and durable sodium-ion batteries.

Shedding new light on charging lithium-ion batteries

Oct 31, 2019: Researchers have discovered a photo-excitation process that speeds up the charging of lithium-ion batteries. If commercialized, such technology could be a game changer for electric vehicles.

Efficient hydrogen conversion via PEC water splitting using hematite mesocrystals

Oct 31, 2019: A research group has succeeded in developing photocatalysts that can convert an efficient level of hydrogen from water using solar light. It is hoped that methods like this one, which uses titanium-modified hematite mesocrystal-based photoanodes, could form the foundation for a commercial solar water splitting system. This would allow the clean fuel hydrogen to be produced more easily, making it a viable source of renewable energy.

To rid electric grid of carbon, shore up green energy support

Oct 28, 2019: Engineers, along with an economist, have created an energy model that helps to remove carbon-generated power from the US electric grid -- replacing it with a greener, financially feasible wind, solar and hydro energy system.

Tungsten suboxide improves the efficiency of platinum in hydrogen production

Oct 28, 2019: Researchers presented a new strategy for enhancing catalytic activity using tungsten suboxide as a single-atom catalyst (SAC). This strategy, which significantly improves hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) in metal platinum (pt) by 16.3 times, sheds light on the development of new electrochemical catalyst technologies.

Engineers develop a new way to remove carbon dioxide from air

Oct 25, 2019: A new way of removing carbon dioxide from a stream of air could provide a significant tool in the battle against climate change. The new system can work on the gas at virtually any concentration level, even down to the roughly 400 parts per million currently found in the atmosphere.

'Artificial leaf' successfully produces clean gas

Oct 21, 2019: A widely-used gas that is currently produced from fossil fuels can instead be made by an 'artificial leaf' that uses only sunlight, carbon dioxide and water, and which could eventually be used to develop a sustainable liquid fuel alternative to gasoline.

Flexible, wearable supercapacitors based on porous nanocarbon nanocomposites

Oct 18, 2019: Evening gowns with interwoven LEDs may look extravagant, but the light sources need a constant power supply from devices that are as well wearable, durable, and lightweight. Chinese scientists have manufactured fibrous electrodes for wearable devices that are flexible and excel by their high energy density. A microfluidic technology was key for the preparation of the electrode material was a microfluidic technology, as shown in the journal Angewandte Chemie.

Inside the fuel cell: Imaging method promises industrial insight

Oct 15, 2019: Hydrogen-containing substances are important for many industries, but scientists have struggled to obtain detailed images to understand the element's behavior. Researchers now demonstrate the quantification of hydrogen for different states of water -- i.e., liquid, frozen and supercooled -- for applications to eco-friendly fuel cells.

Scientists pinpoint cause of harmful dendrites and whiskers in lithium batteries

Oct 14, 2019: Scientists have uncovered a root cause of the growth of needle-like structures -- known as dendrites and whiskers -- that plague lithium batteries, sometimes causing a short circuit, failure, or even a fire. Such defects are a major factor holding back the batteries from even more widespread use and further improvement.

Cheaper catalyst can generate hydrogen in a commercial device

Oct 14, 2019: Researchers have shown for the first time that a cheap catalyst can split water and generate hydrogen gas for hours on end in the harsh environment of a commercial electrolyzer -- a step toward clean, large-scale hydrogen production for fuel, fertilizer and industry.

Hyundai and Cummins to Take on Nikola Motors

Oct 11, 2019: While Hyundai is always known for its innovations and ideas outside of the box, 2019 has been a particularly creative year for the company. Indeed, they have recently made a partnership with Cummins, with a joint announcement made to begin a ‘memorandum of understanding’ to collaborate with one another. The aim? To work on fuel ……

Water + air + electricity = hydrogen peroxide

Oct 10, 2019: A reactor produces pure hydrogen peroxide solutions from water, air and energy.

New electrolyte stops rapid performance decline of next-generation lithium battery

Oct 10, 2019: Researchers have designed and tested a new electrolyte composition that could greatly accelerate the adoption of the next generation of lithium-ion batteries.